Chlortetracycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, the first tetracycline to be identified. It was discovered in 1945 by Benjamin Minge Duggar working at Lederle Laboratories under the supervision of Yellapragada Subbarow. Duggar identified the antibiotic as the product of an actinomycete he cultured from a soil sample collected from Sanborn Field at the University of Missouri. The organism was named Streptom
[Ulcer, dermal (treatment)]—Topical chlortetracycline and tetracycline hydrochloride ointment are used in the prophylaxis of minor bacterial skin infections and in the treatment of dermal ulcer. —Not all species or strains of a particular organism may be susceptible to tetracyclines
The mycotoxins of greatest concern to dairy cattle include ergots produced in small grains, fescue, and other grass; aflatoxin, which is generally produced by Aspergillus mold; deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2 toxin, and fumonisin, which are produced by Fusarium molds; and ochratoxin, PR toxin, mycophenolic acid
Toxin binder designed to bind the toxins in feed and protect the animals from their ill effects. Feed raw material and finished feeds are inevitably contaminated with wide range of moulds and mycotoxins resulting in reduction of quality and palatability of feed.
Toxin Binders. Bentoli's toxin binders are stable at a wide pH range for effective mycotoxin binding throughout the gut when added to livestock feed. The toxin binders are made up of selected silicates, or yeast cell wall components, or both organic acids and surfactants.
Choline chloride is used as an important feed additive in animal species, especially chickens. Significant volumes of this compound are used in feed for poultry, swine, ruminant, aqua, pet, and horse. ... Choline chloride is sometimes used as a supplement in human nutrition
The first is to use a high level of choline supplementation in all diets, say adding 1,000 mg/kg in all broiler diets, and 500 mg/kg in all layer diets. ... Choline is not a mystery, but considerable confusion arises when it comes to feed formulation for poultry.
The choline requirements for chickens range from 200 to 700 mg/kg of the diet. Generally, adult chickens are thought to synthesize the vitamin in adequate quantities. Feeding young chicks a diet with excess dietary protein or high in fat increases their choline requirement.
The role of choline in the prevention of conditions such as perosis and liver enlargement in chicks is already well known. Choline was first isolated from ox bile ("chole" in Greek) in 1849. Its nutritional importance has been recognised since 1930 and it is now a common dietary supplement for animals and humans alike.
The transition period is most crucial stage in lactation cycle of dairy cows due to its association with negative hormonal and energy balances. Unfortunately, unprotected choline easily degrades in the rumen; therefore, choline added to the diet in a rumen-protected form.